Publications

  1. Tabagari, I.; Kurashvili, M.; Varazi, T.; Adamia, G.; Gigolashvili, G.; Pruidze, M.; Chokheli, L.; Khatisashvili, G.; von Fragstein und Niemsdorff, P. Application of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis against Chemical Pollution of Water. Water 2019, 11, 1759.

 

Abstract

The basis of phytoremediation technology for cleaning chemically polluted water was developed in the framework of the presented work. This technology is based on the ability of blue-green alga Arthrospira platensis to eliminate different environmental toxicants from water. This technological approach was conducted for the following pollutants: 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl) ethane (DDT), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and cesium ions. The effectiveness of the technology was tested in model experiments, which were carried out in glass containers (volume 40 L). In particular, the different concentrations of alga biomass with the aforementioned pollutants were incubated with permanent illumination conditions and air barbotage, at a temperature of 25 °C. The results of the model experiments showed that after two weeks from the start of remediation Arthrospiraeffectively cleaned artificially polluted waters. Particularly in the case of TNT 56 mg/L concentration, the effect of water remediation was 97%. In the case of DDT 10 mg/L concentration, the degree of cleaning was 90%. Similar results were obtained in the case of 100 mg/L concentration of cesium ions. Thus, the model experiments confirmed that the alga Arthrospira effectively removed tested pollutants from water. That is the basis of phytoremediation technology.

Keywords:

phytoremediation; water pollution; DDT; TNT; heavy metals; cesium ions